Directorate of Family Welfare
Scheme wise activities
Different Schemes under FW Programme being routed through State Govt. Budget
STATE FAMILY WELFARE BUREAU
The State Family Welfare Bureau is functioning at State Head quarter as an administrative Unit for implementation of Family Welfare programme in all districts of the State.
DISTRICT F.W. BUREAU (NON-TRIBAL & TRIBAL)
The District Family Welfare Bureau is one of the key branches functioning in the district health Office under Chief District Medical Officer for implementation of the FW Programme in all districts of the State.
TRAINING OF NURSES, MIDWIVES & LHV & FUNCTIOING OF SUB-CENTRES
Sub Centres are the base level health institution to implement multiple health activities at the rural and remote areas of the State. Health Worker (Female) and Lady Health Visitors are the accountable Govt. personnel to implement different vertical health programmes. For their triaging, orientation and time to time improvement, the scheme efficacy in all districts of the State.
REVAMPING OF URBAN SLUM
Due to high IMR in the State, the State Govt. implemented the Infant Mortality Reduction Mission in the State from 15th August 2001 which is functioning effectively in Orissa. The IMR was 91 per 1000 live births in 2001 which has come down to 75 as per 2005 SRS. As per the programme of the Mission, referral transport facility was being provided to the pregnant mother for promoting institutional delivery. But after implementation of JSY programme, the mission is providing the mobility support for treatment of puerperal mother and sick infants. This is exclusively a state budgetary programme all districts of the State.
The Navajyoti scheme was launched in December 2005 in 14 districts having high IMR. In these selected districts DAIS are being trained to provided safe delivery and home based new born care in home delivery.
This is a contribution towards reduction of MMR and improvement of maternal health status in Orissa. It also contributes neonatal and perinatal mortality for reduction of child hood deaths.
Modalities of implementation - Death reported by front line workers, supervisors visit home for notification, investigating team collects VA data from homes-institutions, Data analysis and sharing at Community, Block, District level.
Objectives: -Strengthen the implementation of NRHM, JSY & Navojyoti, Identification of bottle necks at various levels for improving delivery care service, facility strengthening for better complication management, empower house hold level action, promote community participation.
Orientation of Basic Health Training programme have been going on RHC, Jagatsinghpur for conducting training of Health Worker (Male) including orientation training programme of Medical Officers and other health functionaries in the State. This scheme is the Centrally Sponsored Plan & 50% Central Assistance is being funded by Govt. of India as Grants-in-Aid.
NRHM was launched by GOI on 12th April 2005. In Orissa the programme was launched on 17th June 2005. NRHM is one of the biggest ever integrated health initiatives in the Health Sector. NRHM is not a project, but an over arching umbrella integrating all on going vertical health programmes and addressing issues related to the determinants of health, like sanitation, Nutrition , safe drinking water.
Goal of the Mission
To improve availability of and access to quality health care by people especially for those residing in rural areas, the poor, women and children.
Components under NRHM
RCH-II is a continuation of RCH-I programme which is continuing from the year 1997-2005.
Objective of the programme is to improve the Reproductive health of men and women and the health of children with the focus to reduce maternal and child mortality and morbidity giving emphasis on rural health care.
Goal of the programme is to bring down the IMR to 50/1000 live births by 2010 and MMR to 250/100000 live births by 2010.
Activities - Health of pregnant mother and infant are interrelated. So among the important activities are:
As 60% of infant death takes place during 1st month of life, care of mother during and immediately after delivery is vital for safety of mother and as well as infants. The Lady Health Workers, ASHA, TBAs are oriented to visit the mother to check up the health of mother and baby, breast feeding of infant immunization. Birth spacing and Family Planning measures, treatment and Reproductive Tract Infections etc.
Bringing down Infant and child mortality rate and improving child Health and Survival has been an important goal. Prevention of death due to Acute Respiratory Infective (ARI), were implemented as vertical health programmes.
Three home visits are to be provided by ANM, AWW, ASHA to every newborn on day 1,3 and 7. For LBW babies 3 more visits are undertaken.
10 to 19 yrs of life is known as adolescent period. During this period human being undergo multiple physical as well as mental changes which have lot of bearings on health. So it is important to address the adolescents and influence their health seeking behaviours and break the inter generational gap.
Objectives – To increase utilization of Reproductive Health Services by adolescent boys and girls in the state and to develop awareness regarding equity issues in acceptance of available services.
Activities - Training of Service Providers, Medical Officers, other health personnel, NGOS.
Health problem of Tribal community needs special attention as their unique distinctive culture, habitat isolation and remoteness from the ongoing developmental processes of the country has alienated them from the mainstream of health system.
Increased no. of child births and lack of spacing between child births have many hazardous effects on the health and nutrition status of mother as well as child. GOI advocates for acceptance of different temporary and permanent FP measures which are easily accepted by educated population. Like, Sterilisation – is the terminal method of family planning. After 2-3 child births one of the parents opt for surgical method of sterilization. Female sterilization is by the main popular method in the state. This service is provided by M.Os in each Govt. hospitals, Intra uterine Device (IUD) Copper T is inserted inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy. The copper T is provided by GOI. The service is provided in sub center level and in all hospital, Use of Condom :- Condom is used as a contraceptive device as well as for protection from HIV / AIDS. Condom vender machines are installed in hospitals and social marketing of condom is promoted, Oral Pills – Use of oral pills by women for the purpose of preventing pregnancy. The tablets are provided by GOI and supplied to people at sub centre and all health facilities in free of cost all districts of the State.
With a view to encourage people to accept sterilization operation voluntarily, compensation for loss of wages is being paid to the beneficiaries as per pattern fixed by the Govt. of India from time to time.
Green Card Scheme- The state Govt. have introduced Green Card Scheme with effect from 1983 to popularise permanent method of F.P. for two children or less. Parents and children under Green Card Scheme are eligible for certain benefits all districts of the State.
Immunisation is one of the most well known and effective methods of preventing child hood diseases. Universal Immunisations Programme (UIP) is established in India in 1985. Since then morbidity and mortality due to vaccine preventable diseases have declined over the years all districts of the State.
Objectives – To prevent infant from 6 killer diseases like Diphtheria, T.B. Polio, Whooping Cough, Tetanus, and Measles.