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Devolution of Powers to PRIs - Letter no 6886 dated 4-7-2003 from CS Orissa
Kendu leaf Resolution letter no 24820 dated 16-12-2002
Reluctance to Surrender Power : by Biju Patnaik Ex-CM, Orissa
Union
State
Collector / SP
PD-DRDA / BDOs

 

 
 
 

"Just as the whole universe is contained in the self, so is India contained in the village"

Rural development is the main pillar of state development. Rural Orissa has lagged behind in development because of many historical reasons. The thrust of policies and programmes of Panchayati Raj department is on all round economic development and social justice through empowerment. The activities of Panchayati Raj Department can be classified into following categories :

  • Poverty Amelioration Programme.
  • Strengthening of Panchayati Raj Institutions·
  • Providing Basic Services

Poverty Amelioration Programmes:

Orissa’s poverty is an enigma for planners and administrators. The state is endowed with rich natural resources in form of vast mineral deposits.forest fertile land plentiful surface and ground water resources,long coastline and picturesque tourist potential.But such resources have not been exploited adequately to raise the PQLI of people.Poverty eradication strategy there fore has to be a combination of natural and human resources management. This programme has four major components and these are :

  • Wage-employment Programme.
  • Self Employment Programme.
  • Housing for the poor.
  • Development of Rural Infrastructure.
  • Marketing initiative through ORMAS

The above mentioned objectives are achieved through Sampoorna Gramin Rozgar YoJana (SGRY-1&2) Swrna Jayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana,(SGSY) Indira Awas Yojana,(IAY) Operation Black Board, Prime Minster’s Gramodoya Yojana , Rural Connectivity Programme etc.

Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs):

Orissa is one of the few States in the post-independent period to take up the Panchayati Raj as its main fulcrum of rural administration. Orissa Grama Panchayat Act was enacted in the year 1948. Subsequently in the year 1961, 3 tier system of Panchayati Raj Institutions was introduced in Orissa. Over the last 50 years Panchayati Raj Institutions have emerged as the powerful institutions in bringing about rapid and sustainable development and socio-economic transformation in rural Orissa. It has an integrated prospective towards improving the quality of lives of rural people and ensuring equity and effective peoples’ participation.73rd amendment of the Constitution has conferred constitutional status to Panchayati Raj Institutions. The Provisions of Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas)Act aims at empowering Panchayati Raj Institutions in Scheduled areas for economic development and social justice.In the year 2002, election to 3 tier of Panchayati Raj Institutions held in conformity with 73rd amendment and PESA thereby empowering tribal people as envisaged under the PESA.The Government have the obligation to bring up Panchayati Raj Institutions as Institutions of Self -Government as per 73rd amendment of the Constitution of India 1992. 73rd Amendment marks a new era in the federal set up of the country and provides constitutional status to the PRIs. The prime objectives of the three tier Panchayati Raj System are to eradicate poverty, uplift standard of living of people in the rural areas, bring about a healthy society by creating awareness for hygiene, sanitation and eradication of illiteracy. The state has established a State Election Commissioner to conduct the election of PRIs. The 73rd amendment of the Constitution mandates Government to endow the Panchayati Raj Institutions with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as institutions of self-Government. It also provides that powers and responsibility shall be devolved upon PRIs subject to such conditions as may be specified therein, with respect to the preparation of plans for economic development and social justice and implementation of schemes for economic development and social justice as may be entrusted to them including those listed in the 11th Schedule. 25 subjects enlisted in the 11th Schedule of have been transferred to PRIs. In respect of 21 subjects, functionaries have been brought under the control of Panchayati Raj Institutions. Nine subjects in respect of which funds have been transferred to PRIs At present 100862 elected representatives of 30 Zilla Parishads, 314 Panchayat Samities and 6234 Gram Panchayats are getting the opportunity to participate in the governance of Panchayati Raj Institutions. The profile of PRIs in Orissa is as follows:

Sl No
Level
Post
Number
SC
ST
OBC
Women
Total
1
Zilla Parishad President
Vice President
Member
30
30
794         854
6
12
8
11
30
2
Panchayat Samiti Chairman
Vice Chairman
Member
314
314
5599      6227
39
147
57
124
314
3
Gram Panchayat Sarpanch
Nayab Sarpanch
Ward Member
6234
6234
81313   93781
729
2388
2698
2213
6234
Total
100862
837
2547
2763
2213

Basic Services:

Panchayats at village levels are expected to perform certain obligatory functions to provide basic services to all the people living in the area. Gram Panchayats in Orissa have been empowered to levy taxes and manage community assets created out of different poverty eradication and area development schemes. They as constitutional bodies represent the model of community participation and social empowerment. Basic services among other includes:

  • Primary education
  • Primary health·
  • Safe Drinking water ·
  • Sanitation and street lighting·
  • Environment protection ·
  • Common property resources (CPR) management

 
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