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Activities of S.T. & S.C. Development Department and Minorities & Backward Classes Welfare Department during the year


1.      The Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes Development Department is the nodal Department of the State Government for the welfare of the ST & SC communities.  Article 46 of the Constitution of India casts an obligation on the State to “promote, with special care, the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people and, in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation” The Department is given the mandate, inter alia, to carry forward the goals enshrined in Article 46 of the Constitution. The welfare of the minorities and Other Backward Classes is also the nodal responsibility of the Minorities and Backward Classes Welfare Department.

2.      The Department has an elaborate field formation with a District Welfare Officer in every district, Assistant District Welfare Officers in the Sub-divisions and Welfare Extension Officer in every Block. There are 21 Integrated Tribal Development Agencies (ITDAs) covering the Scheduled Areas for implementing tribal development programmes. In areas outside the Tribal Sub-plan areas having tribal concentration, 46 MADAs and 14 Clusters have been identified and the programme implementation in these areas is done through Blocks. 17 Micro Projects have been established for focused programme implementation for the development of the Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs). The Orissa Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes Finance and Development Corporation implements programmes for the development of Scheduled Castes and dispersed tribal population (DTDP) & minorities. The Tribal Development Co-operative Corporation acts as an apex organization  for marketing of minor forest produce and surplus agriculture produce for the benefit of the tribals. The Orissa Backward Class Finance Development Corporation channelises loans targeted for the development of backward classes. The Department also runs a number of residential and non-residential educational institutions and hostels for the benefit of the Scheduled Tribe & Scheduled Caste students. In the SC & ST Research and Training Institute, the Department has an in-house facility for research and training and documentation related to the development of Scheduled Tribes & Scheduled Castes. The Academy of Tribal Dialect and Culture has been working for the promotion of the State’s tribal dialects and culture.

3.      Most of the on-going activities of the Department are sustained by budgetary support from the non-plan budget of the State Government, which was Rs.106.37 crores during 2004-05 and for 2005-06 it is proposed to be Rs.106.86 crores. The developmental programmes and projects have been implemented during the year with Special Central Assistance for the Tribal Sub-plan received from the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Special Central Assistance for the Special Component Plan (SCP) received from the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, Grants-in Aid received under Art.275 (1) of the Constitution, funds received under several Central Plan and Centrally Sponsored Scheme from the Ministries of Tribal Affairs and Social Justice & Empowerment, allocations under State Plan including Additional Central Assistance under the RLTAP for KBK districts.

Educational Institutions and Hostels:

4.      The Department runs a number of educational institutions exclusively for the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe students. There are 218 residential High Schools including 55 for girls, 112 Ashram Schools, 37 Kanyashrams, 143 Residential Sevashrams and 1031 Non-Residential Sevashrams. Besides, there are 1548 Primary School Hostels (40-seated) in the TSP areas and 400 hostels for girls (40 seated) in the KBK districts.  The Department also maintains 6 Special Adivasi Hostels at Bhubaneswar and one at Rourkela.


HSC Examination Results (2004):


5.      The table below indicates the achievement of the High Schools run by the Department in terms of the result of HSC examination, 2004.











On Rolls







Total appeared







Total passed         







% of Pass









6.      Incentive is being given to the ST&SC boys and girls staying in hostels from classes VII to X in shape of pre-matric scholarships. During the year 2004-2005, Rs.13.68 crores has been provided as scholarship out of non-plan and Rs.23.89 crores has been provided out of plan covering 171374 students. During the year 2005-06, Rs.14.53 crores under non-plan and Rs. 19.09 crores under plan has been proposed for this purpose. Similarly to encourage the ST/SC students to take up higher education in the colleges and universities, Government provides post-matric scholarships at different rates for different courses. An amount of Rs. 11.14 crores is being spent towards post matric scholarship out of State budget   and this includes the scholarship for 75642 students pursuing different courses. For the year 2005-06, Rs. 779.83 lakhs under non-plan and  Rs.333.76 lakhs under plan has been proposed to meet the requirement of post matric scholarship.

Model schools:

          7.      During the year 2004-2005, an amount of Rs.5.41 crores upto February, 2005 has been spent towards non-recurring expenditure for construction of model school complexes. Two complexes one at Dhanghera, district Mayurbhanj and another at Bhalulata, district Sundargarh have almost reached the stage of completion whereas in another one case at Pungar, district Koraput,  the school building has been completed and the school is functioning there. During 2005-06, 3 more model complexes are likely to be completed in all respects. In regard to recurring cost, an expenditure of Rs. 98.80 lakhs has been incurred during 2004-2005. It may be mentioned that during the current year, 90 teachers have been engaged after following rigorous method of selection for imparting education to the Model School students. Every year 60 students per Model School i.e. 30 ST boys and 30 ST girls are being given admission to each Model School by way of conducting entrance test. During 2005-06, an amount of Rs.2 crores has been proposed towards recurring expenditure of these model schools.


          8.      Buildings of different educational institutions under this Department are being maintained out of different grants available. During the year 2004-05, Rs.29 lakhs have been sanctioned for taking up repairs and maintenance of school buildings out of State plan. There is a provision for 10% grants under Article 275(1) for taking up repairs and renovation of the buildings which are primarily being used for improvement of the educational institutions. In KBK districts, renovation of primary school hostels are taken out of RLTAP funds. Under Article 275(1), grants of Rs.85 lakhs has been sanctioned to take up repairs of Special Adivasi hostels located in Bhubaneswar and Rs.1.00 lakh has been given for taking up repairs  of the Special Adivasi hostel at Rourkela out of State plan during 2004-05. During 2005-06, Rs. 1.00 lakh has been proposed out of the State plan for maintenance and repairs of these buildings


Construction of Ashram Schools etc. from EFC grant:

          9.      Under 11th Finance Commission Award, an action plan for construction of additional rooms for 223 Ashram Schools, Kanyashrams and Sevashrams has been prepared and approved in the State Level Empowered Committee. 175 buildings have been completed upto mid February, 2005. The remaining 48 Buildings are likely to be completed by March, 2005.


IGS and Infrastructure development Schemes by ITDAs with SCA to TSP:


10.1  The Ministry of Tribal Affairs have been providing Special Central Assistance as an additionality to the Tribal Sub-Plan for carrying out programmes to assist tribal households with income generation schemes and for creation of infrastructure in the Tribal Sub-Plan areas to support economic activities. A portion of the SCA is allocated to OSFDC for implementation of Dispersed Tribal Development Programme (DTDP). A part of the SCA is being utilized for supporting the educational infrastructure created specially for the tribal children in TSP areas. Leaving these aside, the SCA funds are passed on to the ITDAs, Micro Projects and the MADA/Cluster Blocks for implementation of Income Generation Scheme (IGS) and Infrastructure Development Schemes (IDS) in the ratio of 70:30.

          10.2. During the year 2004-2005, Annual Plan under SCA to TSP was prepared as per the revised guidelines of Government of India. The thrust areas were identified for the ITDAs and schemes prepared accordingly. Implementation was done by following cluster approach.


10.3. During 2004-2005, emphasis has been given on Vocational Trainings to the tribals for their income generation through self-employment. Their trainings are being organized in a professional manner through I.T.Is/Polytechnics.  About 714 students have been sponsored to the I.T.Is for training in different trades. Computer training has been designed in consultation with the expert agencies to make it more job oriented and 237 tribal youths are being given these trainings. Irrigation projects have been given due thrust in tribal areas which will change the economic scenario of the tribal areas in future years to come. Technical support is being made available to the ITDAs to take up these projects in a scientific manner so that the investment brings out desired returns in terms of economic upliftment of the tribals. To develop Bee Keeping skills, tribal youth have been exposed to Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology (OUAT) so that they can learn the skill from the experts in a scientific way. 270 persons have been trained in the OUAT. As a new initiative, 30 tribal youths have been selected through talent search camps who are now undergoing training for six months in ‘Soura’ paintings in B.K. College of Art & Crafts, Bhubaneswar. Under income generation, agriculture implements depending on the crops grown are being provided to 68 Self Help Groups for their own use and for custom hiring.  In all such cases, prior demonstration-cum-training are being organised for the beneficiaries to facilitate their learning about operating the implements and also to understand the economics of operation so that it can generate viable income. In other words, ‘professionalism’ and ‘technical exposure’ are two key words which have been given emphasis to ensure that these income generating programmes bring about a change in the economic status of the tribals covered under them. For this, the Department is taking help of the best experts and agencies available and formulating the guidelines and procedures accordingly for proper and scientific implementation of the schemes. Through timely and appropriate interventions, the State Government will continue to provide hand-holding support to the beneficiaries who have so received vocational trainings by way of inclusion of suitable programmes in the Annual Plan for 2005-2006.


 For the year 2005-2006, a provision of Rs.58.46 crores has been proposed under SCA to TSP.


Development of  PTGs :


          11.    For development of PTGs, thrust is being given by the State Government on their education, health and providing them lighting facilities in their houses through non-conventional sources of energy under the Central Sector Scheme for PTGs. Incentives are being proposed for the parents/children to improve student enrolment in the schools. Through Academy of Tribal Dialect & Culture (A.T.D.C.), training in tribal dialects will be organized for the teachers in primary schools located in PTG areas. This initiative aims at improving enrolment of PTG children in schools since the teachers so trained will be in a better position to interact with the children as well as with their parents. Under the central sector scheme of PTGs, a provision of  Rs. 8 crores has been proposed during 2005-06. This is in addition  to the funds under SCA to TSP which are also provided to the PTGs for their income generation and infrastructure development.


Janashree Bima Yojana:


                   Under the Central Sector Scheme for development of PTGs, a sum of Rs.12.50 lakh has been provided in favour of 3 Micro Projects to assist 2500 PTG families by extending insurance coverage under “Janashree Bima Yojana” of the L.I.C.    


Grants under Article 275(1) of the Constitution of India:

          12.    During the year 2004-05 emphasis has been given on  strict monitoring of the project implemented out of grants under Article 275(1). Reviews at regular intervals were conducted to expedite pace of execution of the projects. Besides, attempts were made to upgrade the skill of the engineering staff of the ITDAs. A group of 30 engineers were sent to NRM Sadguru Foundation, Dahod, Gujrat to acquaint themselves with the low cost techniques of water conservation and irrigation projects. Similarly, assistance of minor irrigation division was made available to the ITDAs for improvement of the designs and structures of irrigation projects. An expenditure of Rs. 17.67 crores has been incurred during 2004-05  up to 31st January, 2005 out of grants under Article 275(1) excluding expenditure on construction of model schools. During 2005-06, a budget provision of Rs.28.27 crores has been proposed including  provision for Model schools.


 Implementation of Income Generating Scheme by O.S.F.D.C.:


13.1  The Orissa Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes Development Finance Corporation (OSFDC) has been subsidizing bank linked Income Generating  Scheme (IGS) for SC families with Special Central Assistance (SCA) for Special Component Plan (SCP) received from Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment. Besides this, Community Land Based Schemes for groups of S.C. beneficiaries are implemented with 100% subsidy given from the S.C.A.  The OSFDC also receives funds out of SCA to the TSP under the Dispersed Tribal Development Programme (DTDP) from which similar bank linked income generating schemes and community land based schemes are provided for the dispersed tribal population.  The OSFDC also implements the Central sector National Scheme for Liberation & Rehabilitation of Scavengers  (NSLRS).


13.2. During the year 2004-05, SCA for SCP has been received from Govt. of India to the tune of Rs.345.70 lakhs.            Rs. 338.20 lakhs has been released to the OSFDC.  Upto December 2005, the Corporation has assisted 1314 SC beneficiaries with bank linked income generating scheme and 156 ST beneficiaries for IGS schemes under the DTDP programme. Under NSLRS, the Corporation has assisted 113 families for undertaking income-generating activities.


High Unit Cost loan schemes implemented by OSFDC:


14.1.     The OSFDC has been financing SCs, STs, Safai Karmacharis to take up small enterprises by extending soft loans refinanced by the National Finance Development Corporations for SCs, STs and Safai Karmachari respectively. By December 2005, the Corporation has extended loans amounting to Rs. 6.97 lakhs and subsidy of 0.80 lakhs to 13 Safai Karmacharies.

Minority Loan Scheme:

       14.2.   The Orissa Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Development Finance Cooperative Corporation Limited is implementing various economic development schemes for upliftment of poor people belonging to minority communities. During the year 2004-05, 32 beneficiaries have been given loan assistance to the tune of Rs. 30.12 lakhs


High Unit Cost Loan Scheme financed by Orissa BackwardClasses Finance Development Corporation:


15.    The O.B.C.F.D.C. has been channelising credit extended by the National Backward Classes Finance Development Corporation for providing loans to O.B.C. beneficiaries for taking up high unit cost income generating activities and enterprises.  During the year 2004-05, a sum of Rs. 107.77 lakhs was provided in the budget. 59 persons of OBC category are being given loan assistance to the tune of Rs. 40.39 lakh.


Special programmes under RLTAP for KBK districts:


          16.    During the year 2004-2005, the scheme “Skill Upgradation of ST/SC youths through Vocational Training” was implemented for the first time. 458 youths have been sent to the I.T.Is/Polytechnics for vocational training in different trades like plumber, Mechanic, Auto electricals and electronics, repair of, electrical & electronic appliances, Driver-cum-mechanic (LMV) & (HMV), Dress making, House wiring, Masonry etc. Construction of rural market complexes was taken up and improvement of primary school hostels was made under the scheme of development of educational infrastructure. Spill over amount under interior area connectivity programme was utilized to complete 32 projects. To promote female literacy in KBK districts, an amount of Rs.5.20 crores has been utilized. During 2004-2005, an amount of Rs.1193.15 lakhs  has been spent on these activities upto mid February, 2005 including spill over amount. During 2005-06, an amount of Rs.9 crore has been proposed.


Scheduled Caste & Scheduled Tribe Research & Training Institute (SCSTRTI):


          17.    The Institute, during the year 2004-05 has completed the following publications viz. (i) Reprint of “Tribes of Orissa” (ii) “Adivasi“ Journals Vol - 42 and 43 for 2002-03 (iii) “Adivasi” Journal Vol - 44 (iv) Collection and sale of Minor Forest Produce- A Socio Structural Economic Analysis. The Institute has also conducted the following training programmes viz. (1) Capsule Training Programme for Village Working Committee Members of Grain Banks. (2) PESA Act, Tribal Empowerment and their development. (3) Human Development in Tribal areas and Role of Women (4) Rehabilitation, Reconstruction and development of Displaced Tribals. It has prepared caste status studies of 13 castes and the Review Profile of 7 I.T.D.A.s.


Tribal Development Co-Operative Corporation Ltd. (TDCC):


            18.    During the year 2004-2005, a grant of Rs.30 lakhs has been channalised through TDCC for Tassar & Silk Cooperative Federation (SERIFED) for the purpose of procurement, processing & marketing of tassar cocoons through their primary cooperatives. During 2004-2005, TDCC has transacted business of Rs. 59.15 lakhs with minor forest produce and agricultural produce. Managerial subsidy of Rs.15 lakhs is being provided to TDCC in addition to Rs.50 lakhs as assistance for trade in minor forest produce operation.  For the year 2005-06, a provision of Rs. 15 lakhs has been kept towards managerial subsidy to TDCC.


Academy of Tribal Dialects & Culture (ATDC):

          19.    The Academy of Tribal Dialects and Culture established by the S.T. & S.C. Development Department has been functioning since 1979 with the objective of preservation, promotion and promulgation of tribal language and culture of Orissa. During the year the Academy published its Annual Souvenir ‘BANAJA-05’ as special volume on Tribal Dance and Music and felicitated 10 tribal talents during the Annual Adivasi Exhibition 2005. It also organized tribal cultural programmes during the Exhibition. The Academy played a vital part in selection of Soura youths for imparting training in Soura paintings. Various forms of Soura paintings as a live demonstration were displayed during the Annual Adivasi Exhibition 2005 for which a Soura Art Gallery was made. It has also undertaken ethnographic study of little known tribals of the State. The Academy has published the translated version of Orissa Regulation 2 of 1956 in 14 different tribal languages for distribution.


Externally Aided Projects (EAP):

Orissa Tribal Empowerment & Livelihoods Programme (OTELP):


          20.    Orissa Tribal Empowerment & Livelihoods Programme (OTELP) has been launched on 2nd October, 2004. It has an outlay of Rs.430 crores and is a DFID-IFAD-WFP assisted project. The programme aims at empowerment of tribals, providing them livelihood support and food security through watershed mode approach. In the first phase, ten blocks in 4 districts namely Koraput, Kandhamal, Kalahandi & Gajapati are being covered. The programme is being implemented through NGOs who have already been given the schedule of activities to be completed within a particular time frame. At present base line survey in the villages is going on through participatory approach.

During the year 2004-05, an amount of Rs. 83 lakhs has been spent upto end of January, 2005.


Other Activities:

          21.1. For the first time, 18 O.W.S. Class-II officers have been recruited directly through Orissa Public Service Commission. They have been given one month institutional training at Bhubaneswar and now they are undergoing 8 weeks training in the field.


          21.2. Annual Adivasi Exhibition was held from 26th January, 2005 to 1st. February, 2005 at the State headquarters. An amount of Rs. 4.00 lakhs has been spent and for the year 2005-06, a provision of Rs. 4.00 lakhs has been proposed.


          21.3. The success story of this year’s Annual Exhibition is that the trainees who are undergoing training in the B.K. College of Art & Crafts, Bhubaneswar could sell their paintings worth Rs.13,000/-.


          21.4. The meeting of the Tribes Advisory Council was held on 10th September, 2004 to discuss various important matters relating to tribal welfare.