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ABOUT  THE  DEPARTMENT  

        The State of Orissa occupies an important place in the country having a high concentration of Scheduled Tribe and Scheduled Caste population. In terms of ST population, it is the second biggest in the country. Both Scheduled Tribe and Scheduled Caste constitute nearly 38.66% of the total State Population (S.Ts 22.13% and S.Cs 16.53% as per 2001 Census). The population of the members of the Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes, as per 2001 Census is as follows :

TOTAL POPULATION OF THE STATE

36804660

SCHEDULED TRIBES (S.T.) POPULATION

8145081

SCHEDULED CASTE (S.C.) POPULATION

6082063

PERCENTAGE OF S.T. POPULATION TO TOTAL POPULATION 22.13

PERCENTAGE OF S.C. POPULATION TO TOTAL POPULATION

16.53

S.T. COMMUNITIES

62

S.C. COMMUNITIES

93

SCHEDULED AREAS IN ORISSA

       In exercise of powers conferred by sub-paragraph 6 of the Fifth Schedule to the Constitution of India, the revised Presidential Order titled " The Scheduled Areas (states of Bihar, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh & Orissa) Order 1977" has declared the full districts viz. Mayurbhanj, Sundargarh, Koraput (which now includes the districts of Koraput, Malkangiri, Nabarangapur and Rayagada) , Kuchinda tahasil of Sambalpur district, Keonjhar, Telkoi, Champua, Barbil tahasils of Keonjhar district, Khondamal, Balliguda and G.Udayagiri tahasil of Khondamal district, R.Udaygiri tahasil, Gumma and Rayagada block of Parlekhemundi tahasil in Parlakhemundi Sub-division and Suruda tahasil (excluding Gazalbadi and Gochha Gram Panchayats), of Ghumsur sub-division in Ganjam district, Thuamul Rampur and Lanjigarh blocks of Kalahandi district and Nilagiri block of Balasore district as Scheduled Areas of the state. After reorganisation of districts in the state, 7 districts fully and 6 districts partly are covered under the Scheduled Areas of the state.

ORIGIN OF THE DEPARTMENT

       To look after the welfare of Backward Classes, a small unit named Backward Classes Welfare Section was formed in the erstwhile Planning and Reconstruction Department in the year 1946-47. In order to provide concerted efforts to the problem of Scheduled Tribe, Schedule Caste and OBC, the Backward Classes Welfare Department was formed in 1948. In the year 1949 the subject ‘Village Welfare’ was entrusted to the Department and was renamed as "Rural Welfare Department".

       Soon after the adoption of the Constitution of India in 1950, the name of the Department was changed and renamed as Tribal and Rural Welfare Department. This name continued for quite a long period after which the Department was renamed as Scheduled Castes & Tribal Welfare Department. Subsequently, the Department was bifurcated into Scheduled Castes Welfare & Tribal Welfare which again was merged to be named as Welfare Department. Welfare Department was rechristened as Scheduled Tribe and Scheduled Caste Development Department since 22nd February 1999 and continues as such.

 MANDATE OF THE DEPARTMENT

     The Constitution has imposed responsibilities on the Governments for the all round Development of the Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes. The policies, Programmes and schemes of the Department have been designed in consonance with the overall goals and objectives as enshrined in Articles 46 (Part IV), 16, 17, 19, 164, 244, 275, 330, 332,335,338,339,341, 342 and 366 of the Constitution of India and aim at improving the quality of life of S.T. & S.C. communities.