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PROJECT AND PROGRESS

  • Integrated Tribal Development Agencies  (ITDA'S)

  • Modified Area Development Approach (MADA)

  • Micro Projects

  • Scheduled Cast Welfare Projects

  • Cluster Approach

Tribal development involves development of tribal groups in different stages of development in different regions. The tribal development approach has undergone several changes in successive plan periods according to the need and priority of development. For example, during the Second Plan period, area development approach for tribal development was introduced which saw the identification of blocks where tribal concentration was more. But the diversity and magnitude of tribal problem could not be integrated with realistic development Programmes and the concept of tribal development blocks was evolved. This resulted in identification of 75 Tribal Development (TD) blocks in the state and concerted efforts in spheres of health, education, irrigation and drinking water facilities were made.This approach continued till the end of 4th Plan.The implementation of different Programmes in these blocks helped in the development of the areas in general and the tribals in particular. Subsequently, 118 blocks were identified where the population of the tribals were 50% or more. These areas came to be known as Integrated Tribal Development Agencies (I.T.D.A.s) under the concept of Tribal Sub-plan.(TSP). The TSP is basically a smaller plan for the tribal areas within the State Plan. It’s distinctive features are as follows :

  1. It caters to the special needs of the areas having majority of tribal population.
  2. It employs an integrated area approach for development strategy, and
  3. Its resources are the sum total of the resources of the State Plan earmarked for the Sub-Plan area, the Central Sectoral outlays, Special Central Assistance and Institutional Finance.

        However, there remained a felt need to bring more tribal population under the gamut of development Programmes. Based on further findings it was revealed that some tribal families still remained uncovered as they were residing in isolated pockets. Hence, Modified Area Development Approach (MADA) was introduced by the end of Fifth Five Year Plan to areas having a population of 10,000 or more, with 50% tribal concentration. The area under tribal development was still increased during the Seventh Plan by adopting Cluster Approach wherein contiguous areas having a population of 5000 or more, of which 50% or more are tribals. Apart from this, primitive tribal groups residing in remote areas were found to be extremely backward. 13 primitive tribal groups were identified and 17 projects named as Micro Projects were set up aiming at all-round development of the primitive tribals. The tribal families living outside the above project areas like ITDA, Micro Project, MADA, Cluster are covered under the Dispersed Tribal Development Programmes (DTDP) implemented through the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe Development Finance Cooperative Corporation Limited.

        The various special projects functioning for the all round development of SCs and STs are as follows:-

Sl.

Name of the Projects

Number of projects

1.

Integrated Tribal Development Agencies (ITDAs)

21

2.

Micro Projects for Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs)

17

3.

Modified Area Development Approach (MADA) pockets

46

4.

Cluster pockets

14